Situated at the Southeastern tip of China, Hong Kong covers Hong Kong Island, Lantau Island, the Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories, including 262 outlying islands. Between Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula lies Victoria Harbour, one of the world's most renowned deep-water harbours.
Hong Kong as we know it today was born when Chinas Qing dynasty government was defeated in the First Opium War in 1842, when it ceded Hong Kong Island to Britain. Within 60 years, Kowloon, the New Territories and 235 Outlying Islands were also leased to Britain. However, the history of the more than 1100 square kilometres that Hong Kong now occupies predates the events of the Qing dynasty by more than a thousand years. And, as you explore the citys colourful heritage, youll discover stories of powerful clans, marauding pirates and European traders.
Hong Kong's climate is sub-tropical, with temperatures dropping below 10 degrees Celsius in winter and exceeding 31 degrees Celsius in summer. It is warm, sunny and dry in autumn, cool and dry in winter, and hot, humid and rainy from spring to summer. Hong Kong's population was approximately 7.18 million in 2013. People of Chinese descent comprise the vast majority of the population, with foreign nationals comprising 8%.
Hong Kong can mostly thank its colonial history and international harbour for the rich blend of cultures that give it its unique character. While the majority of the citys population is Chinese speakers, simply walking the streets will expose you to a medley of Asian and European languages.
Cantonese, a minority dialect of Mainland China is spoken by 88 per cent of people in Hong Kong. Nonetheless, other Chinese dialects, such as Hakka, Taishanese and Teochiu are also present, as is Mandarin of course Chinas official dialect, which has become more widely spoken in Hong Kong since the reunification in 1997.
The comfort with which these languages and dialects co-exist reflects the high level of cultural tolerance in Hong Kong, where multiple denominations of Christian churches share space with Chinese joss houses; Buddhist, Taoist and Sikh temples; mosques and synagogues. Moreover, the presence of enduring and ancient cultures in a society that has had to constantly adapt to change has created a unique contemporary culture that is a true mixture of tradition and innovation. Hong Kong is where youll see elderly men playing ancient Chinese board games on digital tablets, where Christmas is celebrated with as much fervour as Chinese New Year, and where state-of-the-art skyscrapers are designed in consultation with Feng Shui masters.
Looking for the best Hong Kong tourist attractions? Dont know where to spend your time in town? Well, there are over 40 Hong Kong attractions to cover, which include a range of bays, islands, parks, museums, religious buildings and landmarks. Hong Kong offers both nature and the efficiency of city life in Chinas most-developed city.
A few must-visits include Victorias Peak, Avenue of Stars, Symphony of Lights, Disneyland, Ocean Park, Ngong Ping 360, Repulse Bay, Aberdeen Harbour & Jumbo Kingdom, Lan Kwai Fong, Stanley Market & Murray House, Ladies Street, Temple Street Night Market, Fa Yuen Street Market, Jade Market, Yuen Po Street Bird Market / Flower Market / Goldfish Market, Wong Tai Sin Temple, Hong Kong Wet Land Park, 10,000 Buddhas Temple, Macau, Zoological and Botanical Garden, and Tung Wan Beach.
The Hong Kong Dollar is the currency in Hong Kong (HK, HKG). The symbol for HKD can be written HK$. The Hong Kong Dollar is divided into 100 cents. The currency code for Dollars is HKD, and the currency symbol is HK$. While the Government issues coins, interestingly, the issues of Hong Kong banknotes are shared between three commercial banks: HSBC, Standard Chartered Bank and Bank of China. These notes vary in design and colour according to denomination.
The most popular Hong Kong Dollar currency exchanges in Hong Kong are Indian Rupee (INR
), Australian Dollar (AUD
), European Euro (EUR
), US Dollar (USD
), UK Pound Sterling (GBP
), Canadian Dollar (CAD
), Malaysian Ringgit (MYR
), Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY
), and Japanese Yen (JPY